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Roslin is a village in Midlothian, Scotland, 7 miles to the south of the capital city Edinburgh. It stands on high ground, near the northwest bank of the river North Esk.The nameThe name Roslin probably derives from the Celtic words ros, meaning a moor, and celyn, meaning holly. An alternative derivation is from Gaelic ros, meaning a rocky promontory, and linne, meaning a waterfall or pool. The theory that it is a corruption of Roseline, a supposed medieval meridian passing through Paris and Rosslyn Chapel, is fanciful.HistoryLegend has it the village was founded in 203 A.D. by Asterius, a Pict.In 1303 Roslin was the site of a battle of the First War of Scottish Independence.In 1446, Rosslyn Chapel was constructed, under the guide of William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness.Roslin became important as the seat of the St Clair (or Sinclair) family. In 1456 King James II granted it the status of a burgh. Coal mining has been a major occupation from the twelfth to the late twentieth centuries.From the 19th century onward, the attractions of the Glen, Castle and Chapel developed Roslin as a popular tourist destination. Notable visitors included J. M. W. Turner, William Wordsworth (who wrote a poem in the chapel whilst escaping a storm) and his sister Dorothy, who wrote “'I never passed through a more delicious dell than the glen of Rosslyn”. William Morris visited in March 1887, noting in his Socialist Diary that Roslin was "a beautiful glen-ny landscape much spoiled... by the misery of Scotch building and a manufactory or two."Arrange all the small, but important details of your Roslin trip itinerary using our United Kingdom trip planner.
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Top Roslin tours
$52 BOOK WITH VIATOR Rosslyn Chapel and Scottish Borders Small-Group Day Tour from Edinburgh
Duration: 6 hours 30 minutes
$63 BOOK WITH VIATOR Rosslyn Chapel and Hadrian's Wall Small Group Day Tour from Edinburgh
Duration: 10 hours 30 minutes
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